Purpose:Complete Form W-4 so that your employer can withhold the correct federal income
tax from your pay. Consider completing a new Form W-4 each year and when your
personal or financial situation changes.
withholding. If you are exempt, complete only
lines 1, 2, 3, 4, and 7 and sign the form to validate it. Your exemption for 2016
expires February 15, 2017. See Pub. 505, Tax Withholding and Estimated Tax.
another person can claim you as a dependent on his or her tax return, you
cannot claim exemption from withholding if your income exceeds $1,050 and
includes more than $350 of unearned income (for example, interest and
employee may be able to claim exemption from withholding even if the employee
is a dependent, if the employee:
• Is age 65 or older,
• Is blind, or
• Will claim adjustments to income;
tax credits; or itemized deductions, on his or her tax return.
The exceptions do not apply to
supplemental wages greater than $1,000,000.
Basic instructions. If
you are not exempt, complete the
Personal Allowances Worksheet below. The worksheets on page 2 further
adjust your withholding allowances based on itemized deductions, certain
credits, adjustments to income, or two-earners/multiple jobs situations.
Complete all worksheets that apply.
However, you may claim fewer (or zero) allowances. For regular wages,
withholding must be based on allowances you claimed and may not be a flat
amount or percentage of wages.
Head of household. Generally,
you can claim head of household filing status on your tax return only if you
are unmarried and pay more than 50% of the costs of keeping up a home for
yourself and your dependent(s) or other qualifying individuals. See Pub. 501,
Exemptions, Standard Deduction, and Filing Information, for information.
You can take projected tax credits into account in figuring your allowable
number of withholding allowances. Credits for child or dependent care expenses
and the child tax credit may be claimed using the Personal Allowances Worksheet below. See Pub. 505 for information
on converting your other credits into withholding allowances.
If you have a large amount of nonwage income, such as interest or dividends,
consider making estimated tax payments using Form 1040-ES, Estimated Tax for
Individuals. Otherwise, you may owe additional tax. If you have pension or
annuity income, see Pub. 505 to find out if you should adjust your withholding
on Form W-4 or W-4P.
Two earners or multiple
jobs. If you have a working spouse or more
than one job, figure the total number of allowances you are entitled to claim
on all jobs using worksheets from only one Form W-4. Your withholding usually
will be most accurate when all allowances are claimed on the Form W-4 for the
highest paying job and zero allowances are claimed on the others. See Pub. 505
If you are a nonresident alien, see Notice 1392, Supplemental Form W-4
Instructions for Nonresident Aliens, before completing this form.
Check your withholding.
After your Form W-4 takes effect, use Pub. 505 to see how the amount you are
having withheld compares to your projected total tax for 2016. See Pub. 505,
especially if your earnings exceed $130,000 (Single) or $180,000 (Married).
Information about any future developments affecting Form W-4 (such as
legislation enacted after we release it) will be posted at www.irs.gov/w4.